Team approach to cardiac care increases chance of surviving severe complications from heart attack

When multidisciplinary health care teams were engaged in caring for patients suffering from refractory cardiogenic shock, a severe condition that can occur after a heart attack, the likelihood of survival increased significantly, by approximately 50%. The proof of concept study by investigators at University of Utah Health was published online in the July issue of Circulation.

Patients seen by a multidisciplinary team had a 75% chance of survival at 30 days … Read more

U announces new associate vice president for faculty

University of Utah Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs Dan Reed announced that Professor Sarah Projansky has accepted an offer to serve as associate vice president for faculty.

Projansky will assume the position on Aug. 1, 2019. In her new role, Projansky will assist Reed on a variety of issues, including faculty appointments, tenure considerations, strategic planning and future policy decisions, and she will be the primary resource for faculty.

She will … Read more

Men who avoid teen parenthood through partners’ use of abortion gain long-term economic benefits, first of its kind study says

Studies have shown an association between adolescent girls’ access to abortion services to end an unplanned and unwanted pregnancy and subsequent educational attainment, avoidance of bad relationships and socioeconomic status.

Now, a first of its kind study by a team of University of Utah researchers shows the girls’ teenage male partners also have higher educational attainment if they avoid becoming a parent through the use of abortion.

Led by Bethany G. Everett, … Read more

Beat the heat

It’s estimated that as much as two-thirds of energy consumed in the U.S. each year is wasted as heat. Take for example, car engines, laptop computers, cellphones, even refrigerators, that heat up with overuse.

Imagine if you could capture the heat they generate and turn it into more energy.

University of Utah mechanical engineering associate professor Mathieu Francoeur has discovered a way to produce more electricity from heat than thought possible by … Read more

Tiny Change Has Big Effects, Reverses Prediabetes in Mice

A small chemical change — shifting the position of two hydrogen atoms — makes the difference between mice that are healthy and mice with insulin resistance and fatty liver, major risk factors for diabetes and heart disease. Making the change prevented the onset of these symptoms in mice fed a high-fat diet and reversed prediabetes in obese mice.

The scientists changed the trajectory of metabolic disease by deactivating an enzyme called … Read more

Freeze frame: Researchers solve how cells unfold proteins

A happy cell is a balanced cell, but for every stupendously twisted protein it creates, it must tear the old ones asunder. That means untangling a convoluted pretzel-like mass for recycling. Cdc48 plays a critical role in unraveling the spent proteins.

“Cdc48 is like a Swiss army knife of the cell and can interact with so many different substrates,” said Peter Shen, assistant professor in biochemistry at University of Utah Health and … Read more

Where the Jordan River’s water comes from

Utah’s Jordan River, according to University of Utah professor Jennifer Follstad Shah, is a hard-working river, supporting a growing population of more than 1 million people. But underneath all of the irrigation canals and reclamation discharge, new research shows, are natural water sources that continue to shape the character of the Jordan River.

The study was published in the Journal of the American Water Resources Association and funded by the National … Read more

Some crocs of the past were plant eaters

Based on careful study of fossilized teeth, scientists Keegan Melstom and Randall Irmis at the Natural History Museum of Utah at the University of Utah have found that multiple ancient groups of crocodyliforms—the group including living and extinct relatives of crocodiles and alligators—were not the carnivores we know today, as reported in the journal Current Biology on June 27, 2019. In fact, the evidence suggests that a veggie diet arose … Read more